Chile occupies a long, thin band of land in southern South America along the Pacific Ocean. According to 2013 estimates, its population had reached approximately 17 million people (CIA 2013). Chile has a central democratic government that exercises its functions through the three independent state powers: executive, legislative, and judicial. During the military regime in power from 1973 to 1989, the country began to embrace the neoliberal free market economic model that has been maintained since the return to democracy in 1990. This South American nation exhibits a strong cultural, political, and financial openness to other world markets and maintains international treaties with several countries from all continents, encouraging the flow and exchange of people, goods, and services.