Peru is located in western South America and borders the southern Pacific Ocean. Today it has a democratic government, with independent state powers: executive, legislative, and judicial. However, the country had fairly recent experiences with dictatorships. Between 1968 and 1975, Peruvians lived under the Revolutionary Government of the Armed Forces, commanded by Juan Velasco, and another dictatorship under Alberto Fujimori between 1992 and 2000. According to 2013 estimates, Peru has about 29.5 million inhabitants, 45 percent of whom are indigenous (CIA 2013). Clearly, this country is a multicultural and multiethnic nation.