Many theorists and scholars of translation who treat questions of power and conflict do so using practical rather than theoretical definitions of the terms. There are, however, a number of theorists who have articulated ideas about power and conflict that are relevant to discussions in Translation and Interpreting Studies (TIS). One of the more significant shifts in research over the last few decades has been away from metaphorical and philosophical notions of power and conflict in Translation and Interpreting (T&I) toward investigations of the intersections between social and political power relations and conflicts and the practices of T&I. Research in Interpreting Studies also shows the ways in which dynamics of power and conflict are manifested in Interpreted Communicative Events (ICEs) outside of violent situations. In Interpreting Studies, in particular, scholars have examined the functioning of the immediate forms of interpersonal and institutional power in real time in the ICE.