chapter  19
9 Pages

Experimental research

WithDANIEL GILE

Definitions of experiments in scientific literature vary: some are more restrictive, some broader. For reasons explained in this chapter, for translation and interpreting (T&I) research, the following inclusive definition is suggested: Experiments are scientific investigations in which an environment and/or a particular task (beyond simply reporting information, e.g., through questionnaires) are created, controlled, or manipulated for the specific purpose of collecting data in order to improve one’s knowledge of the object of study. The following are two classic examples of experimental studies in T&I

research:

Interpreters were asked to interpret the same speech at different delivery speeds, or with or without preparation, with or without background noise (e.g., Gerver 1976).