chapter  9
3 Pages

Epilogue

ByMatthew Guschwan

Citizenship and democratic politics stand and fall together.1 In the USA, citizenship requires only birth or naturalization, jury duty and for those who earn money, the payment of taxes. Citizenship in this basic, formal sense is a closed question. It requires very little and asks hardly more. As this abbreviated tour of citizenship has shown, full citizenship in the USA and elsewhere is, in practice, not so simple. Gender and ethnic identities constrain opportunities to fully participate in public discourse. Migration adds another element of vulnerability to the notions of citizenship. Instead of viewing citizenship as a status settled at birth, we have seen how citizenship is, and must be, made and remade.