chapter  12
13 Pages

Living Cosmos Panpsychism 1

WithFreya Mathews

Three streams of panpsychist thought are here considered as providing a context for environmental ethics: (i) new animisms, (ii) mind-in-nature or panpsychism without consciousness, and (iii) cosmological panpsychism. A more detailed exposition of a version of cosmological panpsychism, situated in the tradition of Spinoza and Schelling, is offered. A case is made for the inherent normativity of such a “living cosmos”; the congruence of such an ontology with Australian Aboriginal ontologies of Law is explored, and its ethical implications for the natural environment drawn out.