chapter  14
Evaluating the effectiveness of marine governance
ByPeter M. Haas
Pages 25

Marine governance has become a major focus of policy and scholarly concern over the last 40 years. In the face of increasingly intense human uses of the coastal zones and open oceans, it is now widely accepted that sustainable use of the open oceans and coastal zones requires significant international cooperation to coordinate policies and eliminate externalities, and also requires comprehensive ecosystem management to minimize or eliminate the externalities arising from the interplay of multiple activities in these areas, and the differing needs and interests of multiple users (Sorensen and McCreary 1990; Vallega 1992; Boelaert-Suominen and Cullinan 1994; Cicin-Sain and Knecht 1998).