chapter  4
18 Pages

Network governance and the domestic adoption of soft rules

WithMartino Maggetti, Fabrizio Gilardi

Competition Network (ECN) consists of national competition authorities and the EU Commission. The first two top-down networks (CESR and ERGEG) have recently acquired the legal status of European agencies, becoming thus more institutionalized and resourceful, but they still rely on national regulatory authorities for participation and implementation and are organized in a network-based way (Levi-Faur 2011). It is also worth noting that, although bottom-up and top-down networks such as CEER/ERGEG-ACER and IRG/ERG-BEREC are formally decoupled, each pair is made of organizations that largely overlap in practice and can be considered as a single governance network in charge of meta-regulating a given policy area.2