The Coral Triangle (CT) is widely regarded as being at the global epicentre of marine biodiversity and abundance. To ensure the protection of its values and the sustainable use of its marine resources, the Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Security (CTI-CFF) was established in 2009. The CT member states are signed up to a range of international and regional conventions and agreements covering conservation. These agreements espouse a set of values outlined by the Agenda 21 Action Plan for sustainable development, of the United Nations. In support of many key policies of Agenda 21, a Regional Plan of Action (RPOA) for the CTI-CFF sets the core goals, targets and actions for the CT over the next 10 years. The three main goals aspire to the conservation of priority seascapes, the development of networks of marine protected areas (MPAs). Two other goals refer to the ecosystem approach to fisheries management and adaptation to climate change.