Recent years have brought an unprecedented loss of lives and livelihoods in natural disasters that are the product of complex interactions of hazards, vulnerabilities and resilience (Anderson 1994; Manyena 2012). Social science scholarship increasingly recognizes these disasters not simply as exceptional, uncontrollable natural events, but also as closely linked to human choices and actions (Enarson and Meyreles 2004; Hyndman and de Alwis 2003; Luft 2009; Wisner et al. 2003). In particular, pre-existing social norms, roles and inequalities shape the degree to which individuals and groups are vulnerable to disasters, as well as their capacities and opportunities to recover. However, until recently, a gender-blind perspective dominated disaster research and practices: the male experience of disasters was taken as universally representative (Always and Smith 1998; Enarson and Phillips 2008; Fordham 1998). Gender inequalities and differences were largely overlooked, despite data showing a disproportionate number of female deaths in disasters and a hampering of women’s ability to rebuild after the event (Neumeyer and Plümper 2007). Scholarly and activist work on gender and disasters laid a rich groundwork to challenge these biases.