This conclusion presents some closing thoughts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book presents ideas from leading thinkers in the field that provoke and unsettle the notions of music education and the role that music education plays in an evolving democracy. It develops a conceptual framework about democracy in terms of education and music education. Nicholas Michelli asserts that educating in a democracy is not as simple as federal policy makers would have people believe. When teachers do not have a voice in the curricula they teach or work with schedules that allow no time for collaboration, there are fewer opportunities to engage in democratic practice across the school. Musicians have historically contributed to raising social awareness through protest, active resistance, and unification for world peace. Yet, conversations about social justice and active participation in a democratic society remain few and far between in the current American music classroom.