chapter  2
26 Pages

Reform and tradition in West German education

ByGunther Kloss

Educational change can only be measured over decades; a period of two, three, or even five years is insufficient to consider the extent and effect of modifications to an education system. In Europe, where education is generally state-run, state-regulated, and state-financed, the primary agent for initiating such change is almost always the government. Nowhere is this truer than in the Federal Republic of Germany: here private education hardly exists and the governments of the Lander exercise a very tight control indeed over all sectors of the system.