Analytic and continental traditions: Frege, Husserl, Carnap,
The continental philosophy of science has always featured reflection not only on the technologies of scientific investigation but also on human perception and technological circumspection. Highlighting Friedrich Nietzsche's practical emphases together with his skepticism, the Belgian philosopher Rene Berthelot in 1911 coordinates American pragmatist and continental philosophy of science, comparing Nietzsche not only to the pragmatism of Charles Sanders Peirce and William James but also to Poincare. Contemporary analytic philosophy of science rests, on the crucial idea of the "scientific revolution". A relatively new science that developed in the nineteenth century, geology is a science typically neglected in mainstream discussions of the philosophy of science. Like the reductionist tendency to translate continental philosophy into analytic philosophy, all other sciences are thought, at least in theory, to be amenable to a translation into the terms of physics. Jean Cavailles, "On Logic and the Theory of Science", in Kockelmans and Kisiel, Phenomenology and the Natural Sciences, 406, emphasis added.