chapter  5
22 Pages

Edmund Husserl

Ludwig Wittgenstein was educated at the Technische Hochschule, Berlin, the University of Manchester, and the University of Cambridge. The descriptive, particularist, and pluralist character of language games, forms of life, and grammatical investigations dovetails with another important notion of the later Wittgenstein: family resemblance. By naturalism, Wittgenstein's insistence that language games, and the family resemblances among uses of terms that emerge in them, are underpinned by a shared human nature possessed by all human beings and a common natural world that we all live in. Wittgenstein's broader treatment of ethics seems similarly discouraging. According to Wittgenstein, however, religious beliefs can be erroneous only to the extent that they offer a theory or opinion. Wittgenstein is a deeply anti-philosophical thinker; his metaphilosophy is not wholly idiosyncratic. For Wittgenstein, philosophy should consist of piecemeal, particular descriptions of actual concrete uses of language in specific practical situations and under certain natural world conditions.