chapter  6
16 Pages

Max Scheler

Sigmund Freud's texts have something to say about nearly every issue and topic of concern to philosophers. The unconscious of Freudian psychoanalysis does not think in the manners and modes of the thinking with which consciousness is acquainted. The brand of materialism with which Freud obviously entertains a relationship is that of such nineteenth-century materialists as Fechner and Helmholtz, namely, a scientism inspired by physics and chemistry. The feminist reception of Freud, even when limited to those varieties of feminism forming part of the continental philosophical tradition, cannot be summa-rized easily or adequately given its sophistication and complexity. When one considers the link between psychoanalysis and structuralism, the primary association that immediately comes to mind is Lacan's return to Freud. The substance of German idealist Naturphilosophie, like the conflict-ridden somatic underpinnings of psychical life theorized by Freud, is at war with itself, permeated by the violence of clashing forces and the agitating disturbances of unsettling affects.