18 Pages


Max Ferdinand Scheler was born in Munich on August 22, 1874, and brought up in an orthodox Jewish household. Scheler worked on a wide variety of topics, and it is impossible to do justice to them all in a short overview such as this. This chapter discusses the brief account of Scheler's phenomenological methodology, and then in turn discuss his concept of person, his description of the nature of sociality, and the in-depth analysis of expression and empathy found in Wesen und Formen der Sympathie. Scheler's strength as a phenomenological thinker is undoubtedly to be found in his concrete analyses, in particular in his analyses of emotional life and sociality, rather than in his methodological considerations. Scheler's investigation of empathy and social understanding is restricted to the personal level. On his view, the argument from analogy underestimates the difficulties involved in self-experience and overestimates the difficulties involved in the experience of others.