The UNESCO World Heritage List aspires to protect the world’s most outstanding monuments, natures and cultures for future generations of mankind. Since its establishment in 1977, the list has become enormously popular. Logan (2012) refers to it as the ‘magic list’, expressing the status and expectation of beneﬁts that come with it. To have one’s culture acknowledged as outstanding is obviously prestigious. However, despite its enormous popularity, the List has had some negative impacts. In this article, I explore Norwegian-Sámi experiences with World Heritage through three examples: Tysfjord-Hellemo, Røros and the Circumference and Ceávccageádgi. Following these three examples, I ask: Can Indigenous or Sámi rights instruments beneﬁt Norwegian Sámi groups in the course of heritage protection processes? A view of World Heritage inscription as a process is essential in order to grasp the complexities of this seemingly simple question. In the following pages, I will include details of how Norwegian Sámi sites are suggested, nominated and inscribed, as well as the consequences of these actions for the Sámi involved. Other
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Indigenous and minority experiences are included throughout, for comparative purposes.