The presence of African and Asian people in the UK dates back 500 years or more (Fryer 1984). Figures for January 2011, published by the Department for Education, show that almost a quarter of children in state primary schools in England are from a minority ethnic background; and that English is a second language for more than 70% of the state primary school pupils in the London boroughs of Newham and Tower Hamlets where large numbers people of Asian heritage live (Paton 2009). The percentage of Black and Asian pupils in secondary schools in the same boroughs have risen to above 80 (BBC News 2011). Many immigrant communities have lived near museums and the living landscapes of world heritage sites for decades without much involvement with these sites (IPSOS MORI 2000). For example, four of the 28 world heritage sites in the UK are situated in London while Ironbridge Gorge is situated 30 miles outside of Birmingham. Both cities are home to large numbers of people of African and Asian descent.