chapter  1
1 Pages


ByWei- Cheng Chiu, Dong- Jhy Hwang and Alan Bairner

Described as ‘a laboratory of identities’, Taiwan is a society divided by ethnicity and national identity.1 There are four major groups in the island: Taiwan aborigines (2%), Mainlander (13%),2 Hakka (12%) and Holo (73%).3 Apart from the Aborigines, the other three are Han people. There are also controversial views of the historical formation of nationalism in Taiwan, each a reflection of a particular ideological position. Overall, irrespective of the dynamics of identity construction or nation building, they were a Han domain.