chapter  16
Iranian female authors and “the anxiety of authorship”
Pages 17

Iranian female authors use their narratives to assert their desires and determinations and to construct identities that inspire, instruct, and resist gender and class discrimination. Cultivating the means to resist the tragic responses to male authority and class discrimination has been a challenging task for them. While intertextuality suggests that female authors employ forms used by male authors to frame their narratives, the process is liberating. Intertextuality implies “double-voiced discourse,” a relationship between influence and aesthetic production. In The Dialogic Imagination Bakhtin and Holquist state “one’s own discourse and one’s own voice, though born of another or dynamically stimulated by another, will sooner or later begin to liberate themselves from the authority of the other’s discourse.”1