This chapter focuses on the evolution of cultural mapping both as a methodology and as a set of techniques drawing on various cartographic and digital data analysis and visualization tools. The development of cultural mapping and planning approaches and models has been applied in a number of case study areas in England and elsewhere, undergoing various cultural infrastructure strategies, including areas experiencing population growth and land use change, such as new housing and areas subject to environmental risk. Ecosystems mapping and the notion of sustainability has thus been extended to encompass culture and cultural governance through this cultural mapping approach. The chapter outlines some of the underlying data classification and collection systems, including GIS-Participation techniques developed to engage communities and to capture "cultural assets" and perceptions of place and the environment. It examines how culture and sustainable development can be interpreted at a local/regional level within national governance and planning systems.