This chapter considers some of the main features of the two trajectories, before exploring the implications of the two approaches for future work in literary studies. It traces a brief genealogy of this interpretative strategy, highlighting some of the fundamental issues for a critical literary geography, drawing mainly upon examples from recent work in modernist studies. The chapter turns to how a "critical literary geography" might be seen to combine these two approaches, while adding a more explicit focus upon questions of literary form. As someone working in literary studies, especially upon early twentieth century modernism, the chapter concerns for some time with what literary criticism can learn from geography and spatial theory. There are many similarities between a literary geography as understood by proponents of spatial theory and that of the approach proposed by critics of transnational and global modernism.