Care farming and probation in the UK
Care farms (also termed ‘social farms’) are utilised by a variety of vulnerable groups in the UK. One such group is adult offenders who have higher levels of poor mental and physical health than the general population (Cattell et al., 2013) and frequently have complex domestic lives. Further, rates of drug and alcohol misuse are particularly high when compared to the general population (Cattell et al., 2013). Interventions that can improve these social and health factors for offenders offer potentially large benefits to the individual and to society as a whole through a reduction in crime rates. Estimated monetary costs of crime vary substantially across countries (Wickramasekera et al., 2015) with UK annual rates ranging from £36-£60 billion.