chapter
Introduction: Hybrid rule and state formation
BySHELLEY L. HURT, RONNIE D. LIPSCHUTZ
Pages 10

This chapter examines hybrid rule from a molecular perspective, and argues that the emphasis on the economic gains of biological extraction, storage and manipulation, largely ignores the political imperatives and effects of such activities. It briefly outlines the history of advances in molecular biology and attendant changes in federal science policy, patent legislation, and science funding, beginning with further comments on the Tuskegee experiments and their implications for the United States. It looks at the beginnings of the "molecular revolution" in the 1970s and the role of the Nixon administration in the commercialization of what had been, until then, largely under the purview of the country's biological weapons program. The chapter addresses the relationship between capital accumulation and the State as it has played out through the reduction of the human body to its constituent molecules.