chapter  26
12 Pages

Infra-Slow Fluctuation (ISF) Training for Autism Spectrum Disorders

WithMark Llewellyn Smith, Leonardo M. Leiderman, and Jackie de Vries

There is growing evidence that the symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder have been improved with Infra-slow Fluctuation neurofeedback training. This form of neurofeedback focuses on the slowest oscillations in the human cerebral cortex. These low frequencies have been associated in research with the coordination of neuronal network communication including networks that regulate social, emotional, and sensory processing. Autonomic response was one of the first behaviors linked with ultra-slow frequencies in animal research. The concomitant research and clinical outcomes provide a rationale for the use of ISF training for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder.