The National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Conference on the Treatment of Destructive Behaviors: A 25-Year Update of a Study in Hardball Politics
In the first edition of this book, I detailed the background, scientific findings, and political intrigues associated with the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Consensus Development Conference (CDC) on the Treatment of Destructive Behaviors in Persons with Developmental Disabilities in 1989. It was on this stage that the battle between proponents of the nonaversive movement and empirically based treatment was waged. Perhaps no other event more clearly illustrated the nonaversive movement’s willingness to dismiss science, rationality, and reasonableness and play hardball than its actions before, during, and after the conference. An excellent overview of the movements’ genesis, principal players, organizations, and tactics can be found in the Newsom and Kroeger (2005) and Foxx (2005a, 2005b) chapters in the first volume of this book and in and Jacobson and colleagues (2005).