War and gender inequalities in health 1
Recent studies have found significant excess mortality in women during and immediately after armed conflicts. This chapter revisits this broader security aspect of UNSCR 1325 and one of the least successful UN Millennium Development Goals and addresses whether armed conflicts negatively affect maternal health. The findings from a global time-series cross-national study suggest that this is indeed the case. Armed conflicts are associated with higher overall fertility in low-income countries and with moderately elevated maternal mortality rates generally. Conflicts in neighboring countries are associated with lower maternal mortality, possibly indicating that health interventions among refugee and host populations are relatively successful.