This chapter reflects on a central tension characterizing different traditions and practices for studying interaction. The main roots of interaction analysis can be located in the empirical studies of talk in interaction. People believes that it is possible and productive to describe these tensions as spanning across two poles: conversation analysis-ethnomethodology and studies of talk incorporating psychological and cultural categories. Initially, the studies on spoken language as it occurs focuses on the analysis of naturalistic audio recordings. Notational technologies developes the form of transcription codes, to transliterate aural details of talk into textual formats. In trying to characterize people ways of navigating research practices, as illustrated by the ongoing analysis of the Hmong House episodes, it may be important to start by making salient that people work to avoid the 'kind of theoretical imperialism of the critics whose theoretical apparatus gets to stipulate the terms by reference to which the world is to be understood.