chapter  6
28 Pages


WithDavid Adler and Norman Seward Revised by Andrew Peters

KEY POINTS: x Current Codes of Practice require experts for the analysis and

design of the specific type of structure and material x Simplified approximate analysis and design methods as well as

even simpler ‘rules of thumb’ do exist, but should not replace a rigorous final approach

Contents 1 Introduction 2 Basic structural theory 3 Structural materials 4 Masonry 5 Timber 6 Reinforced concrete 7 Structural steelwork and other metals 8 Glass 9 Other materials

10 Foundations 11 Thumb-nail structures 12 Bibliography


1.1 Scope Structural engineering ensures that the loads of the building and its contents are transmitted safely and economically to the ground, allowing for considerations of function, aesthetics, internal and external environment and incorporating restraints imposed by other members of the building team, legislation, etc.