KEY POINTS: x Current Codes of Practice require experts for the analysis and
design of the speciﬁc type of structure and material x Simpliﬁed approximate analysis and design methods as well as
even simpler ‘rules of thumb’ do exist, but should not replace a rigorous ﬁnal approach
Contents 1 Introduction 2 Basic structural theory 3 Structural materials 4 Masonry 5 Timber 6 Reinforced concrete 7 Structural steelwork and other metals 8 Glass 9 Other materials
10 Foundations 11 Thumb-nail structures 12 Bibliography
1.1 Scope Structural engineering ensures that the loads of the building and its contents are transmitted safely and economically to the ground, allowing for considerations of function, aesthetics, internal and external environment and incorporating restraints imposed by other members of the building team, legislation, etc.