Transport terminals and interchanges
KEY POINTS: x Airport terminals are now major public buildings with increas-
ingly diverse functions x Intermodality between all forms of transport is a critical
consideration x Moving large numbers of passengers safely, simply and efﬁ-
ciently are key components of a successful terminal and interchange design
Contents 1 Introduction 2 Airports 3 The terminal building 4 Departures – landside 5 Departures – airside 6 Arrivals – airside 7 Arrivals – landside 8 Levels and volumes 9 Aircraft and apron requirements
10 The changing airport 11 Case study 12 Railway stations 13 Bus and coach stations 14 Trams and light rail 15 Bibliography
1 INTRODUCTION Air travel is now available to many more people than ever before in its relative short history. As a result, airport terminals are now major public buildings and accommodate diverse functions from the social to the commercial as well as processing departing and arriving passengers. These buildings can be part-theatre, part-urban plaza, part-museum, part-shopping mall and part-leisure centre. Serving as gateways, both literally and figuratively, these buildings have become important emblems for nations as well as major transport processors. As their size, critical, social and commercial mass increase, airport terminals become ideal centres for major transport interchanges, capturing large movements of people, many of whom may not necessarily be travelling by air.