This chapter examines gender and gender equity issues in formal sexuality education and considers the adequacy of formal programs from several vantage points. I begin with definitions of terms that are central to the analysis. Next, attention turns to the current state of sexuality education. I will, in turn, consider formal education in K-12 schools, colleges and universities, and medical schools; the reader will note that there is more material available regarding the first than about the second or third. With this survey as background, I will discuss several gender equity issues; this section will include discussion of programs designed to address these issues. The chapter ends with conclusions and recommendations.