The Republic of San Marino
This chapter presents the results of field research on the effects of smallness on politics and democracy in San Marino. The chapter first pays attention to the political history, democratization, and political institutions of the microstate, after which an analysis of the Sammarinese political system is provided on the basis of four sub-dimensions of democracy. The results indicate that political competition is essentially personalistic in nature, despite the presence of political parties. In addition, government and parliament are to some extent found to dominate other institutions, and relations between citizens and politicians are primarily characterized by clientelism and patronage.