This chapter considers the motives behind architectural destruction in twentieth-century Dublin, and analyses the layers of cultural nationalism and iconoclasm which have been applied to this destruction. It demonstrates that civic Georgian architecture was valued as part of the Irish Free State's inheritance. The 1916 Easter Rising was a definitive moment in Irish history. On Easter Monday, 24 April 1916, approximately 1,600 members of the Irish Volunteers and Irish Citizen Army marched through Dublin. In 1801 the Act of Union saw the closure of parliament in Dublin and the merging of Irish polity with Westminster: governance now lay in London, much to the dismay of the Irish. After the closure of parliament in Dublin in 1801, the centre of the political and administrative world shifted across the Irish Sea to London, and part of the socio-political world moved with it.