Children’s rights and childhood studies: From living apart together towards a happy marriage BrunoVanobbergen
Children’s rights have received a higher profile by means of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). The CRC, adopted by the UN General Assembly on 20 November 1989, was a long time in the making. It therefore has a long history, not only politically, but also from a theoretical-paradigmatic standpoint. With regard to the latter, we could say that the CRC ascribes to a (pedagogical) tradition in which Rousseau and Montaigne, for example, played a key role. But the role of a figure such as Janusz Korczak who, in the 1920s, drafted a ‘Charter for the protection of children’ was also crucial. This Charter exerted an important influence on the development of the various international children’s rights instruments as we know them today, and of which the 1989 CRC can be considered the apotheosis. At that time, the 1959 Declaration of the Rights of the Child became a convention. Henceforth, the demand for attention to the rights of children no longer rested on a mere statement of intention (a declaration), but on a text that must be seen as a framework of reference for all legislation in those countries that have ratified the Convention.