chapter  14
23 Pages

Juvenile justice from an international children’s rights perspective Ton Liefaard

Since the adoption of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) in 1989 and its entry into force in 1990, juvenile justice1 can be considered an international children’s rights issue. The 195 countries that have endorsed the CRC are under the obligation to safeguard the rights of ‘every child alleged as, accused of, or recognized as having infringed the penal law’ (art. 40 (1) CRC), which boils down to 1) fair treatment, with respect for children’s inherent dignity and the right to a fair trial, and 2) treatment in a manner that takes into account children’s age (child-specific treatment).