chapter  22
25 Pages

Natural resource exploitation and children’s rights

ByEllen Desmet, José Aylwin

One of the greatest challenges for many countries today, mainly but not exclusively in the Global South, concerns the exploitation of their natural resources. The last decades have witnessed an increased pressure on, particularly non-renewable, resources worldwide, invigorated by the continued rise of raw material prices in a globalized world.1 In the rush for short-term profits, human rights and environmental considerations are often swept under the carpet or only paid lip service to. This chapter explores the relevance of children’s rights (law) in the context of natural resource exploitation, with focus on Latin America.