This chapter argues that Aotearoa New Zealand is the place/space of neo-liberal and neo-colonial practices that shape childhoods, and analyzes the bicultural early childhood curriculum framework Te Whariki as an agent that both witnesses and resists neo-liberal and neo-colonial practices. The chapter explores current neo-liberal and neo-colonizing practices in the microcosm of early childhood education (ECE) in Aotearoa New Zealand. Neo-liberalism and neo-colonialism infuse ECE with economic and social policies that, on the surface, appear to support biculturalism. The chapter further examines how the counter-colonizing discourses in Te Whariki resist the very practices that shape ECE, children, and childhoods in New Zealand. Through deregulations coupled with increased governance, that is, where the discourses of individual choice and economic competitiveness replace government regulation as the primary form of governance, Te Whariki witnesses local and global market and economic indicators that dominate and shape social and educational policy.