This chapter analyses contemporary Sino-Nigerian relations and how the dynamics of Sino-American rivalry-or at least competition-plays out within a framework of relations and networks. It is important to note that in 2005 Sino-Nigerian ties were officially upgraded to a strategic partnership, and yet development of the Free Trade Zone (FTZ) will have to face the growing concern about Chinese work practices. The US and Canada stopped importing crude from West Africa altogether, this has already happened with regard to Nigeria. West Africa has now emerged as a hugely important source of oil, affecting Nigeria's relations with both China and the US. The energy revolution derives from technological innovations in horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing. The US Energy Department forecasts that the US production of crude and other liquid hydrocarbons will average around 11.4 million barrels per day by 2014, which would place the US just below Saudi Arabia's expected output for 2013 of 11.6 million barrels per day.