chapter  3
Sexual Violence Patterns, Causes, and Possible Solutions: An Interview with Kudakwashe Chitsike, Research and Advocacy Unit, Zimbabwe, and Jessica Nkuuhe, Independent Consultant, Uganda
Pages 15

The United Nations backed Special Court for Sierra Leone has explored the prevalence of rape within Sierra Leone's decade-long armed conflict through four trials. These trials are known informally as the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC), Revolutionary United Front (RUF), and Civil Defence Forces (CDF) cases, as well as the case of the former president of Liberia, Charles Taylor. The AFRC trial judgment highlighted the use of gang rape as a tactic within the conflict. The RUF trial judgment discussed the use of gang rape, multiple rapes, rape with weapons and other objects, rape in public, rape in which family members were forced to watch, and forced rape between family members or among captured civilians by the RUF. The Civil Defence Forces (CDF) was a militia organized to fight in support of the democratically elected government against the AFRC and CDF. The Taylor trial judgment's representation of rape of women and girls was nuanced, wide-ranging, and contextualized.