This chapter considers the problematic assumptions underlying the deployment of female peacekeepers and particularly UN police (UNPOL) as a means to prevent and protect women and children from sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) crimes. Peace operations have changed dramatically since the first peacekeepers were deployed in 1956. The Brahimi Report was a critical development in seeking pragmatic and practical solutions to challenges facing twenty-first century peace operations. For many years, peace operations were primarily a military function in a male-dominated environment where interaction with the local population was largely absent. The chapter describes that resolution 1325 was the result of advocacy and lobbying from the anti-war and international women's movements. Dianne Otto notes that if women are included in the decision-making sphere on the basis that they bring gender-specific benefits, then they might not be given the full range of tasks available to their male counterparts.