This chapter explores some of the inherent limitations of projects designed by international experts on the basis of standardized models that are externally funded and implemented according to the objectives of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness. 1 The focus is on one particular projectthe Project against Sexual Violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo (CIDA 2006)—funded by the Canadian government and organized through the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA). In analysing this fi rst CIDA project addressing sexual violence in DRC, I draw from the criticisms of the project by workers on the ground, as well as formal evaluations of the project. The chapter concludes that the particular nature of sexual violence, which involves a complex matrix of security, social, and cultural factors in a country where rule of law is all but absent, requires the principles of international aid effectiveness to be adapted. From this perspective, the Canadian project has required signifi cant changes. A second project, running for three years, started in May 2014. Future assessments should tell how lessons from this fi rst experience, discussed in this chapter, have been implemented.