Animal Ghosts, Colonial Haunting: History’s Presence(s) beyond Benjamin and Derrida
This chapter explains that the sense of the transnational space provided by Jimenez's work addresses a liminal subject position from which we can account for postcolonial trauma and the intangible and more subtle forms of institutionalized violence and economic injustice against the marginalized in an already globalized world. The postnationalism of Francisco Jimenez's works emerges as a transgression of the boundaries established by traditional 'national' literatures between the local and the global, and between the official 'truth' of the dominant culture and the daily lives of immigrant cultures. As this approach to literature expands the notion of nation, it is able to create a voice through which we can envision individual and communal empowerment and transnational agency. In an empowering new identity structure, a transcending notion of nation would be able to capture the potential of reading texts which exist in a dialectic movement between the local and the global, the experiential and the political, the national and the postnational.