The expansion of global economic migration has meant that increasingly, health workers have to relate to the needs of parents from ethnic minorities. Although there are a significant number of British born and educated parents within the United Kingdom (UK), some parents may actively prefer to associate with their cultural customs and choose to adopt traditional methods of child rearing. In the more traditional cultures mental instability is explained as the body's possession by an evil spirit, which controls or overwhelms the person's will. Maternal and child health are currently key Millennium development goals which define the global health and development agenda. In South Africa van Heyningen and Honikman developed a brief mental health screening tool which was the first measure of common perinatal mental health disorders to include both mood and anxiety symptoms as well as psychological risk factors. Therefore maintaining the good mental health of women and fathers should be a major consideration worldwide.