Routes to the just city: towards gender equality in transport planning
Introduction Transport has a unique capacity to provide a simultaneous perspective on the (re)production of cities, as well as a window onto the daily lives of diverse women and men, girls and boys in those cities. This chapter explores the relationships between gender, transport, and planning in the context of urban development. This involves consideration of mobility in two senses, physical movement in the geography of the city as well as socio-economic mobility in the context of social structure. Because of the intersection of gender relations and the production of the built environment, spatial and social mobilities are deeply intertwined in the reproduction of both spatial and gender inequalities in the city and society (Levy 2013a). Responding to the framing of this book, in the unfolding arguments the chapter explores a gendered approach to urban transport, its interaction with asset accumulation, and how this might be articulated in the just city. Sen has argued that
the question of gender inequality . . . can be understood much better by comparing those things that intrinsically matter (such as functionings and capabilities), rather than just the means [to achieve them] like . . . resources. The issue of gender inequality is ultimately one of disparate freedoms.