Both Angola and Rwanda suffered prolonged armed conflicts with massive violence and displacements. When the conflict ended in Rwanda, the new government pursued ‘mass justice for mass atrocities’, whereas the Angolan government opted for impunity. Yet post-conflict Rwanda appears to be an even more repressive one-party state than Angola. Although transitional justice mechanisms (TJMs) are supposed to generate democratic processes and help consolidate peace, obviously they are, by themselves, insufficient. What do the cases studied in this book tell us about the impact of various transitional justice mechanisms on peace and democracy in societies that emerge from severe armed conflict and/or authoritarian rule?