Developing mental health policies that address race and culture
This chapter reviews the history of addressing issues of culture, race and ethnicity in American psychiatry. Pinderhughes outlined two themes in US psychiatry - one prior to and another following the Civil Rights Movement. Prior to the Civil Rights Movement, US psychiatry was based in ethnocentric monoculturalism and much of the psychiatric literature and practice was racist in nature and content. After the Civil Rights Movement began to take hold, psychiatry began to open up and become more reflective about its past and present as it relates to culture, race and ethnicity. In the 21st century, the 16th Surgeon General of the United States began releasing extremely influential mental health reports and the Culture, Race, and Ethnicity report called for more research on culture, race and ethnicity. The 21st century heralded many other advances in the issues of culture, race and ethnicity in US psychiatry.