“Speak! That I May See You”
Here I present an argument that both supports and challenges this image. I hold that when psychoanalysis is successful as a method of psychotherapy, the reason is indeed to be found in Socrates's words, but that in any successful analysis the process is a dialectic between seeing and being seen, rather than simply being seen "in to ." That is, when optimally effective, analysis simultaneously frees our patients to do unto us, with equivalent perceptiveness, what we are doing unto them, to see us as part of the act of listening to us.