chapter
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nterpersonal Ps ychoanalys is andR egression (1979)

Psychoanalysts have long been aware that in the day-to-day prac-tice of their somewhat subjective art they can become seduced by their own explanatory constructs. As in any developing discipline there is an intrinsic pressure to accept the empirical success of one's own technique as objective validation for a particular theory of psychological functioning and growth, and refuting those concepts which seem to oppose it. Thus ideational systems become "fact," and "truth" is discovered. Levenson (1972) has developed some general implications of this phenomenon in what he calls "the time-bound nature of psychoanalytic truth." More specifically, a relatively experienced and successful therapist, trying to formulate what he does, must derive his conceptual position, at least in part, from a fundamental need to maintain cognitive consistency.2 His relative dependence upon

1. An earlier version of this chapter was first presented at a symposium held at the Institute for Contemporary Psychotherapy, New York City, in December 1977, and was published in its present form in Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 1979,15:647-655.