chapter  1
``Orphans of O'': The negative therapeutic reaction and the longing for the childhood that never was
Pages 23

The subject I wish to explore is chronic psychoanalytic resistance, particularly as it occurs in the dif®cult-to-reach patient (Joseph, 1989). I shall emphasize one particular kind of resistance, however, the negative therapeutic reaction or psychic equilibrium and the problems it creates in regard to interruptions of psychoanalytic progress as well as transference $ countertransference enactments. It constitutes a continuation of two previous contributions dealing with infantile catastrophe and its ineluctable consequences, ontological ``orphandom'' (Grotstein, 1995a, 1995b).