chapter  Three
The Japanese Dialectal Monomorphemic Reflexive Zisin and Its Theoretical Implications: A Contrast With Chinese Ziji
ByYafei Li
Pages 8

Based on Progovac's (1991) notion of relativized SUBJECT and two types of ϕ-features. Tang (this volume, chapter 2) proposed a nonmovement analysis of long-distance reflexivization in Chinese. The monomorphemic ziji 'self' is exhaustively dominated by NP, so it can lie treated as either NP or N°. As N°, its SUBJECT must be another head (i.e., the closest AGR). If this AGR bears the same anaphoric ϕ-features as a higher AGR, the binding domain of ziji is extended, permitting long-distance binding. It is not my intention here to offer a thorough evaluation of Tang's interesting work or to propose an alternative full-scale analysis of ziji. Lust and Mazuka (this volume, chapter 6) showed that zibun, the Japanese counterpart of ziji, cannot be analyzed simply as an anaphor within Binding Theory. Many of the nonanaphoric behaviors of zibun are also found in ziji and are not well understood. The goal of this chapter is more modest: By examining the four reflexive forms found in the Kansei dialect of Japanese and among some older Japanese speakers, I show that an analysis of reflexivization based on relativized SUBJECT still needs independent motivation. The rest of the chapter focuses on a compositional account of the coreferential properties of complex reflexives in Japanese and Chinese.